Marcus Stoinis will replace Smith in the T20 squad, with David Warner captaining the side.
Kuldeep Yadav, Yuzvendra Chahal should feature as spinners. Playing their part in the short run chase were Virat Kohli who made 22 not out off 14 balls and Shikhar Dhawan who scored an unbeaten 15 off 12 deliveries. Set a target of a mere 48 in six overs in a rain-curtailed game, India got there in 5.3 overs. "We want to get better every game", said pacer Jasprit Bumrah ahead of the opening match.
Australia will have to win Tuesday's match in Guwahati to avoid another series loss, after a deflating 4-1 drubbing in the one-day internationals.
Series: The last time Australia played at the JSCA Stadium in Ranchi was almost seven months ago, the third match of a hotly-contested four-Test series against India which ended 3-1 in India's favour.
Opting to bowl, Kohli's bowlers did not take their foot off the pedal as Australia were restricted to a meager 118 for 8 when rain stopped play after 18.4 overs. The Australians lost the ODI series 4-1. Kuldeep Yadav was awarded the Player of the Match.
Australia captain Steve Smith will miss the Twenty20 series against India to return home due to a shoulder injury with the Ashes on the horizon.
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Australia: David Warner (capt), Aaron Finch, Glenn Maxwell, Travis Head, Moises Henriques, Dan Christian, Tim Paine (wk), Nathan Coulter-Nile, Andrew Tye, Adam Zampa, Jason Behrendorff.
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Yadav (2-16 off four overs) had his second victim when Moises Henriques (eight) advanced down the wicket to a leg break which kept low, clean bowling him.
Smith had voiced his batting concerns after the final ODI in Nagpur, saying the series has been "disappointing" as a leader.
The rise of Hardik Pandya, the guile of the wrist spinners Kuldeep Yadav and Yuzvendra Chahal have made life hard for Australia in the one-day series.