Montazeri said those flouting "hijab" rules - which require headscarves and modest clothing - must have been encouraged by outsiders.But even religiously conservative Iranians have voiced support for the protests, with many saying that religious rules should be a personal choice.
Some hijab-supporting Iranian women back the protests.
Twenty-nine women have been arrested in connection with recent protests in Iran against the compulsory Islamic veil for women, police in Teheran said, adding that the protesters had been "deceived" by foreign forces.
Masih Alinejad, Iranian exiled journalist and women's rights activist, reacted to the photo in an Instagram post: "The fact that you are holding a flag instead of a baton shows that we have won!"
On Wednesday, Mohammad Jafar Montazeri, Iran's chief prosecutor, had denounced the protests as "childish", suggesting that individuals from outside Iran are inciting the movement.
By putting their scarfs on a stick, they are protesting against arrest, suppression, and their violated rights, Alinejad said in an interview with Radio Farda. Alinejad denied it, saying that although she works for the U.S. government-funded Voice Of America service, she has received no funds for either of her campaigns. "We're just giving them a platform".
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Women showing their hair in public can be jailed for up to two months or fined $25.
In another viral video, an elderly woman was shown struggling to walk in a snow-covered park, then clambering up an idle fountain to wave her white scarf in the air.
The UK Daily Mail that despite claims by "moderate" President Hassan Rouhani that the police have better things to do than enforcing the hijab law, thousands of undercover "morality police" remain active, filing tens of thousands of "bad hijab" reports.
"Women feel they have no control over their bodies".
"When we restrict women, and put them under unnecessary pressure, exactly this is the reason for rebellions", Jaloodarzadeh said, according to Ilna.
He had been asked about a woman detained earlier this week for standing on a pillar box in a busy street without the mandatory headscarf.Unprecedented images of at least 11 women protesting the same way had been widely shared on social media.