It is considered a violation of the human rights of girls and women. Nearly a quarter of those cut are 14 and younger - with the highest prevalence of FGM in this age group in the Gambia at 56%, Mauritania 54% and Indonesia where about 50% of those aged 11 and younger have undergone the practice.
Research shows that if countries prioritise the elimination of FGM/C, they adopt programmes and policies to correct social and cultural practices.
In Kenya, about a quarter of women and girls aged 15 to 49 have been cut, according to the Kenyan Ministry of Health.
"Anyone has information or concerns about FGM offences can contact Sussex Police online or by calling 101 and arranging to talk in confidence to experienced investigators, who can also arrange access to further sources of expert advice and support".
In Nigeria, it is estimated that about twenty million Nigerian girls are estimated to have undergone (FGMC), Imo, Ebonyi, Oyo and Ekiti all have high prevalence rates even though President Jonathan banned the practice. "It's an extreme form of violence that's performed on girls". Though progress may be slow, we are going somewhere as rural women, mothers and young girls, are becoming aware of the severe health implications of the barbaric practice. In some cultures women undergo FGM because it's believed that it diminishes promiscuity and enhances the sexual prowess.
As the Ministry for the vulnerable, the weak, excluded and marginalized, we join the worldwide community to condemn female genital mutilation in Ghana.
Ahmed was born in Somalia and survived the barbaric practice
How are Arab governments fighting FGM? .
The study is titled "The Clitoral Hood A Contested Site", was released on Monday on the day for Zero Tolerance for FGM. A practice that is almost always carried out on children.
"FGM is the ultimate form of violence against women and female children...the forcible removal of a child's sexual organs to control her sexuality has been going on since the time of the Egyptian pharaohs", Ahmed said at the launch of the country's action plan.
The challenges are mainly attitudinal and the issues of cross border practice. Where FGM is a social convention, the social pressure to conform to what others do and have been doing is a strong motivation to perpetuate the practice. It is also practised by migrants and foreign nationals in the country. Despite global outcry, it continues to be practiced in certain communities for reasons related to chastity, status, honour, marriageability, belonging, tradition, cleanliness or desirability.
The funds will go to CUSO International (originally known as Canadian University Service Overseas) which will use the money over the next four years to reduce the practice in rural regions of the country. But enforcement of the law is usually weak and prosecutions rare. The person who commits this offense is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term of not less than five years and not more than 10 years.
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