The minor, who slapped an Israeli soldier in the courtyard of his house in the town of Nabi Saleh, in the occupied West Bank, faces 12 charges, including 'assaults on soldiers.' If found guilty, Tamimi can be sentenced to up to 10 years in prison.
In an expose of the Tamimi family last in Haaretz last month, Petra Marquardt-Bigman has observed that Ahed's father, Bassem, "regularly encourages his own children to confront Israeli soldiers, and has frequently advocated the participation of children in protests and demonstrations".
Defense lawyer Gaby Lasky said she considers the court as an organ of what she described as an "illegal occupation" and that the indictment must be thrown out.
Israel's prosecution of Ahed Tamimi under an Israeli military court for putting up resistance to Israel's occupation regime epitomizes the unspeakable inhumanity of holding a civilian population captive for generations. "So the way to keep it out of everybody's eyes is to close doors and not allow people inside the court for her hearing".
Tamimi has been hailed as a hero by Palestinians who see her as bravely standing up to Israel's occupation of the West Bank. It also says her case raises concerns that "Israel's military justice system, which detains hundreds of Palestinian children every year, is incapable of respecting children's rights".
In later events captured on video, Ahed yells at the soldiers to leave, slapping one and punching the other in the head. They include stone-throwing, incitement and making threats. Among other things, she is being accused of incitement for comments she made on the same widely watched video that captured her scuffling with the soldiers.
On Tuesday, Ahed was brought before the Ofer military court in the occupied West Bank.
Ahed's lawyer accuses the military of breaking the United Nations convention on the rights of a child during her nighttime arrest and interrogation, during which she says Ahed was threatened.
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The scuffle took place amid clashes and protests against US President Donald Trump's controversial recognition of Jerusalem as Israel 's capital.
"The Convention on the Rights of the Child, which Israel has ratified, clearly states that children are to be deprived of their liberty only as a last resort, and only for the shortest appropriate period of time", Michael Lynk, the United Nations special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian Territory occupied since 1967, said Tuesday after Ahed's first hearing in which the court chose to ban media from the trial.
"There is nothing more provocative than Israel's occupation [of Palestine].so the normal reaction is to resist", Bassem Tamimi said.
The next session in the case was set for March 11.
The Israeli army has yet to issue an official statement on the arrests.
The experts called on the Israeli authorities to respect and ensure basic due process rights, with particular attention to the rights and protections afforded to children and re-emphasized their call for Tamimi to be released in accordance with these protections. She could face several months or years in jail if convicted.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child, which Israel has ratified, states that minors can only be deprived of liberty as a last resort and for the shortest appropriate time, said Michael Lynk, a United Nations special rapporteur on human rights in the Palestinian territories, in a statement.
The video stirred complaints in Israel that the soldiers had been humiliated.